Computer crimes are those offenses that are facilitated by the use of a computer. Common computer crimes include possession or production of child pornography, mass email (spam),computer fraud, and trespass by computer. Also lumped into computer crimes are crimes like
Virginia Computer Crimes
- Computer Fraud is using a computer or computer network to obtain property or services by false pretenses, embezzle or commit larceny, or convert property of another to ones own use. Accoding to § 18.2-152.3 of the Virginia Code, Computer Fraud is punishable based on value. If the value is less than $200, the crime is punishable as a class 1 misdemeanor. If the value is greater than $200, the crime is punishable as a class 5 felony.
- Sending spam in Virginia is a crime. § 18.2-152.3:1 of the Virginia Code makes it illegal to use a computer or computer network with the intent to falsify or forge electronic mail transmissions. Additionally, it criminalizes knowingly selling, or giving software that is designed to produce mass transmission of information. Sending false of forged mass e-mail transmissions is a class 6 felony. Providing software designed to send spam is a class 1 misdemeanor.
- Computer Trespass is the criminal name for hacking. § 18.2-152.4 of the Virginia Code makes it unlawful for any person with malicious intent to disable or remove computer data, cause a computer malfunction, delete or alter data, or cause physical harm to another. It is also unlawful to cause a virus or other malware to be installed. If the damage is over $1,000.00, the offense is class 6 felony. If the damage is under $1,000.00 the offense is punished as a class 1 misdemeanor.