Different Types of Fraud

Arlington Criminal Defense Attorney

Virginia law defines a variety of actions that could be considered fraud. Some forms of fraud carry criminal penalties. Others may provide for civil remedies and damages. In general, fraud involves intentionally making a false representation of a material fact with the intent to mislead another. If you have been accused of fraud, you should seek out a good criminal defense attorney to defend you against the allegations.

Some lesser known examples of fraud include:

1) Issuance of bad checks
When a person issues a check on an account that lacks sufficient funds, it could result in fraud charges. The prosecution must be able to show that this was done knowingly. If convicted of this offense, the penalty depends upon the amount of the check. If it was under $200, then it is considered a Class 1 misdemeanor which could mean jail time and a fine of up to $2,500. If the bad check was over $200, it is considered a Class 6 felony and carries a potential prison term.

2) Credit card theft
If you used another’s credit card without permission, then you could be charged with fraud related to those actions. This is also characterized as a form of theft. Credit card fraud is a Class 6 felony that could carry fines as well as prison time.

3) False advertising
If you advertise or publish information intended to induce customers or sellers to act on something that is misleading or untrue, then it could be considered fraud by false advertising and could result in a Class 1 misdemeanor. 

4) Pyramid schemes
Pyramid schemes are becoming increasingly more prevalent. Some pyramid schemes are not always apparent and may be characterized as multi-level marketing operations or other business arrangements to avoid that characterization. Depending upon the nature of the activity, you could be charged with a misdemeanor of felony. In this case it is always important to contact a Manassas criminal defense attorney.

5) Internet sale misrepresentations
With internet sales and social media becoming more common and convenient, misrepresentations made in internet sales could result in a fraud claim if it was done knowingly and with the intention to deceive. This conduct can also result in a misdemeanor or felony charge, including fines and jail time, which is why it is critical to contact an attorney right away.

Are there defense to fraud charges?
Depending on the particular circumstances of your case, there are different defenses available to challenge the charges or cause a reduction. This includes challenging the legal elements of the offense and identifying constitutional violations. A knowledgeable Attorney can review your case to identify any possible defenses.

If you have been accused or charged of fraud, contact a Criminal Defense Attorney Manassas VA residents can depend on for legal advice and representation.